Scoop Election 08: edited by Gordon Campbell

Campbell: Sir Roger Douglas, And His Orewa Speech

February 11th, 2009

Quaint. 25 years after Roger Douglas first won the power to affect this country, he has returned to Orewa, the elephant’s graveyard of politicians ( Don Brash, Winston Peters) still intent on stirring the embers of ancient grievances.

Starting with this failure of perspective :

New Zealand has been in a recession – getting poorer – since the first quarter of 2008. We were in a recession before the fallout from the global financial crisis arrived on our shores; we were in a bad economic situation, and the financial crisis has simply made that situation worse.

Yes, but the fact New Zealand was in recession before the international crisis hit does not mean the domestic recession was more fundamental – or that a global crisis has come along and “simply” made the fundamentals worse. I hate to be the one to tell Douglas the bad news, but this crisis is of a quite different scale. It is even worse than the stockmarket crash of 1987 that his policies were instrumental in fuelling last time around.

The current financial crisis is not your garden variety business cycle. Still, the starting point could have been far worse. The last nine years had seen this country’s longest sustained period of growth since the Second World War, with unemployment at twenty year lows. Belatedly, the gap between rich and poor had finally began to reduce, a trend that began even before the Working For Families properly kicked in.

We saw a serious erosion in that position during early 2008 – and on the way down, New Zealand has been hit by a crisis larger than any that the global financial system has faced since the early 1970s, at least. Most economists around the world are blaming this meltdown on the kind of unregulated free market excesses that Sir Roger has been championing for the past 25 years.

The only reason we aren’t worse off – as even Bill English has conceded – is because New Zealand entered the dual recession/crisis with exceptionally low levels of public debt. Mainly because for most of this decade, Michael Cullen paid off debt – and until last year – did not enact the sort of financially and socially irresponsible tax cuts that Sir Roger and his ilk had been clamouring for. The package of stimulatory tax cuts that began last year have now been claimed as an ingredient in the Key government’s own stimulatory package.

But back to more of Sir Roger’s verdict on the Clark administration :

In the private sector, our current account deficit has ballooned to its largest since the last major recession in 1975. This large increase in the current account deficit – now equal to 8.5 percent of GDP – occurred despite the most advantageous terms of trade since the early 1980s.

As our current account deficit grew larger, we told ourselves that a significant drop in the dollar would help eliminate it. Unfortunately for us, the drop in the dollar has been accompanied by a significant reduction in commodity prices. What does this mean? It means that, unless we make major changes to our policy settings to increase our international competitiveness, then the current account deficit is here to stay. And this deficit will require ongoing financing. But such financing is increasingly scarce because of the global credit crunch…

Frankly, being admonished by Roger Douglas about our chronic current account deficit is a bit like being lectured about road safety by a hit and run driver. Large and enduring current account deficits are one of Douglas’ enduring legacies to the nation. What, structural imbalance perchance, does it reflect ?

Could it possibly be because Douglas and Richard Prebble sold the family silver – the state assets, the banks, the telecommunications system etc for peanuts – thus fostering structural imbalances in our economic relations with the wider world that we are still suffering from today. Let us not forget the failure of nerve to enact a capital gains tax that would have curbed housing speculation, and channeled investment into the productive sector.

Douglas, in other words, helped to build the pipeline of outflows that have kept our current account deficit primed and pumped – and judging by his Orewa speech, Douglas wishes to enact more of the same, as if such policies bear no responsibility whatsoever for the current crisis in financial markets. Well, back in the real world, John Maynard Keynes ( and not Milton Friedman) offers the solutions to which major economies are now turning – and luckily for this country, Douglas has been on the sidelines for the last decade or more. Did I mention that tax cuts during this past decade’s boom times would have been wildly inflationary – and would have fuelled spending on imports and blown out the current account deficit even further than it is now ?

Back to the Douglas prescription at Orewa.

There is only one way to increase wages: increase productivity…. Despite this reality, we have unions – like the Engineering, Printing, and Manufacturing Union – publicly announcing that it will continue seeking real wage increases. Any increase that workers receive beyond productivity increases will merely exacerbate unemployment.

Righto Yet only a few lines later in the Orewa speech, we find this claim : ‘Despite slow wage growth, we have continued to live beyond our means..’ So which one it it ? Have big union driven wage hikes been out of whack with productivity, or has slow wage growth still seen us spending up large, regardless ?

Tellingly, for all his talk about our poor productivity levels, Douglas makes no criticism of the private sector for its failure to invest in the new technology crucial to productivity growth. Nor does he slam the private sector for itsfree-loading on government spending on research and development. Who failed to invest productively ? Who lavishly paid out profits in dividends during the recent boom, rather than invest in research and development? All Douglas can do on this score is rail against the Clark government for trying to offer r&d tax credits, a carrot that even his former acolytes at Treasury said in their briefs to Bill English was a good idea, and one that should not be scrapped.

In similar vein, it is ordinary citizens who cop the blame from Douglas for succumbing to household debt and easy mortgages : “With credit cheap, we mortgaged our houses to buy consumer products.’ Again, not a word of criticism about the role of banks in borrowing overseas and selling mortgages that neither the country or the would-be homeowners can sustain, while feeding the current account deficit in the process. To Douglas, only wage rises should to be tied to productivity. No such calls for restraint by CEOs, or by shareholders.

True, criticizing Douglas in 2009 is like shooting fish in a barrel. Yet the pathology of the worldview on display is fascinating. If you can believe him, the late 1990s were a virtual nirvana, rudely snatched from us by Helen Clark and Michael Cullen. To make that case, Douglas paints a rosy picture of life under Jenny Shipley that no one who actually lived through the Shipley era would recognize. Back then, he rhapsodises, tax settings were simple and good, inflation was beaten, and years of sustained growth were stretching before us. ‘Privatisation,’ Douglas exults, ‘ had created efficient businesses targeted at meeting consumer demand.’ This is sheer fantasy, and it takes only one word to dispel it : Telecom !

Talking of which, Douglas slams the Clark government for its long overdue moves to regulate and break up Telecom, and that perspective is entirely consistent with the neo-Victorian morality that runs through the entire speech. Programmes to relieve poverty you know, are only ‘incentive destroying.” On Telecom, Douglas’ views hark back to the era that pre-dates the birth of anti -trust law in 1910 – which was when even the Americans saw the need for government to intervene and regulate, and break up the market dominance held by John D. Rockefeller, and his Standard Oil company.

Looking ahead, Douglas appears to resist the very notion of a stimulus package, if it will entail deficit spending by a government during this recession:

When international credit is particularly tight, the Government has announced plans to borrow and spend on infrastructure projects. We have now been put on notice that our credit rating may be downgraded. Investors see our debt as risky – they fear we may default.

John Key and Bill English have of course, been talking for months about the tightrope that New Zealand now has to walk. We have to negotiate out way between stimulative deficit spending on one hand, and the risk that further borrowing and public indebtedness could torpedo our credit rating. And that, when seen in inconjunction with that huge current account deficit, could well trigger panic and flight among foreign investors. We have painted ourselves into a very tight corner.

Serves us right, in one respect. The tax cuts may have been a justifiable response to the domestic recession last year, but going forwards, they eave us with much less headroom now to cope with the global financial crisis. We fired some crucial ammunition against the lesser threat. While tax cuts may be a sugar fix that creates a degree of retail spending, they are a poorly directed way of fostering sustainable growth. .

Douglas is no help. His vision of further privatizations of ACC and beyond, and of having no personal income tax whatsoever (yes, that’s also in the speech) are trumpet calls from a bygone era. Later today, Key will unveil the infrastructure projects central to the government’s initial stimulus package. As they unfold, one can only hope that Douglas will continue to be ignored.


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    1. 12 Responses to “Campbell: Sir Roger Douglas, And His Orewa Speech”

    2. By writeups on Feb 11, 2009 | Reply

      Yet again Mr Campbell you prove your absolute ignorance of economics.

    3. By stuart munro on Feb 11, 2009 | Reply

      Well, I’m not sure I completely agree with you here, Gordon, especially this piffle about NZs longest period of sustained employment growth.
      One of the things Douglas foisted on us was a different standard of measuring unemployment, to keep the marginally employed or underemployed people off the books. Like any other form of creative accounting, it is bad for the business (or in this case the nation) that employs it. Unemployment was much more serious in the last two decades (including under the Clark government) than it was in 1980.
      But Writeups comment is a real endorsement, because we are presently in a ‘global depression: an interlude during which economists are obliged to face reality’

    4. By katherine on Feb 11, 2009 | Reply

      Speaking of wages, yesterday on National Radio Phil O’Reilly floated the idea of the govenment paying people’s wages in order to enable them to stay at their job. What an exceedingly interventionist suggestion. What does a business do with staff surplus to requirement? Make stuff they can’t shift? Slacken off? Chat? Sounds nice, but, was he drunk? Had he been around children? I wonder what the hourly rate would be. How long would this corporate welfare run for?

    5. By millsy on Feb 12, 2009 | Reply

      Roger Douglas is still stuck in 1987. He just wants to pick up from that ‘cup of tea’ that we had…

      The guys a looney…..

    6. By Pete on Feb 12, 2009 | Reply

      I love this one
      “The average claim under the ACC system suggests that the average accident causes over 80 days of work to be lost. Contrast that with private providers of accident compensation, where the average number of days lost is just over 12.”

      Err, hello, thats a complete lie. I mean couldnt you even try and pick some more realistic numbers ?

    7. By Clarke on Feb 12, 2009 | Reply

      Ken Miller over at The Nation explains how the ground is changing under the feet of dinosaurs like Douglas:

      “Until now, our model of capitalism has relied on markets to allocate capital to businesses with the best risk-return relationship–where, given the level of risk, capital could earn the highest returns. Businesses that have the best returns get capital more easily and pay less for it. But if we move from the current 7.6 percent unemployment rate to the more than 20 percent jobless levels of the Great Depression, the pain will spread, as millions lose their homes and it becomes increasingly difficult to maintain law and order. If that scenario comes to pass, we must face the difficult question of whether we can continue to allow the market such free reign in allocating societal resources. Economics is about to become political economics: capital will be valued for the jobs it creates, not just for the returns it generates.”

      If this recession continues for any length of time, we will reach the point in New Zealand where we will care more about keeping our neighbours employed than maximising the returns for overseas shareholders. When that occurs, Douglas will be welcome to join Fay and Richwhite in Switzerland.

    8. By Shannon on Feb 12, 2009 | Reply

      Brilliant Stuff Gordon!

      You’ve nailed it totally.

      The policies Douglas and his cronies have been espousing ( y-a-w-n) for decades are the exact same policies that have landed the world in the MESS we’re in now.
      I suspect most kiwis haven’t a clue just how serious the mess is that we’re in and I don’t see the anger and outrage here that you see overseas .
      Why is that ?
      Have we all been dumbed down so much that no one quite gets how appallingly bankers and the money men have been behaving ?
      Or is it that our “news” media likes to concentrate on real in depth serious issues like kittens on water skis and busking bagpipers ?
      The one decent current affairs program we had ( Agenda ) has been taken off air, all we have now is superficial and dumbed down rubbish instead of good investigative journalism.

    9. By Stephen Whittington on Feb 12, 2009 | Reply

      Hi Gordon,

      You comment that “being admonished by Roger Douglas about our chronic current account deficit is a bit like being lectured about road safety by a hit and run driver.”

      If you think this then you must not have looked at the data regarding our current account. I point you to this presentation:

      In particular, page 15 reveals that the current account deficit reduced sharply from the period 1984-89, almost becoming a surplus in 1989.

    10. By Jum on Feb 13, 2009 | Reply

      You are so right.

      You want a safe environment – you do your best to ensure every person around you has a voice and a full stomach.

    11. By Stephen Whittington on Feb 13, 2009 | Reply

      I posted a comment on here last night, yet strangely it has not yet appeared.

      You state that “being admonished by Roger Douglas about our chronic current account deficit is a bit like being lectured about road safety by a hit and run driver.”

      You must not have looked at the data. During the 1984 – 89 period, the current account deficit sharply decreased in size, and by 1989 was at around 1% of GDP.

      See page 15 of the presentation by Roderick Deane, “The State of the Nation – An Economic Overview of New Zealand” on 1 May 2007. It is available from his website.

    12. By lyndon on Feb 16, 2009 | Reply

      Hi Steven

      Apologies for the delay in your comments – I believe first-time posters have to be moderated and we’re sometimes a bit slow at that.

      Lyndon (Scoop duty ed)

    13. By christopher on Mar 30, 2009 | Reply

      Douglas has lost all credibility especially when on backbenches he stated that the US banking system has collapsed because it is the most regulated in the western world. I nearly fell of the chair laughing. These people are economic fundamentalists rooted to thier views like religious zealots, nothing will deter them regardless of the recent evidence. Ask Bernard Madoff about this regulatory regime?

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