Scoop Election 08: edited by Gordon Campbell

Is Maori Party Flirting With 2011 Electoral Doom?

October 20th, 2008

Gordon Campbell on the Maori Party’s perilous dance with the National Party wolves

Eight years ago, which is eons ago in political time, John McCain seems to have been a more likeable guy. So much so that during the course of an 80 page essay called Up Simba that he wrote for Rolling Stone, the late David Foster Wallace credited a John McCain ‘town hall’ political meeting in Michigan with providing the most human moment of the entire presidential campaign of 2000. As Wallace wrote at the time:

“A middle-aged man in a sportcoat and beret, a man who didn’t look in any way unusual but turned out to be insane…came to the mike and said that the government of Michigan has a mind-control machine and influences brainwaves and that not even wrapping roll after roll of aluminium foil around your head with only the tiniest pinpricks for eyes and breathing stopped from influencing brainwaves, and he says he wants to know whether if McCain is president he will use Michigan’s mind-control machine to catch the murderers and pardon the Congress and compensate him personally for 60 long years of government mind control, and can he get that in writing.

And how did McCain respond ? With instinctive decently. Wallace continues :

The question is not funny; the room’s silence is the mortified kind. Think how easy it would have been for a candidate here to blanch or stumble, or to have hard-eyed aides remove the man, or (worst) to make fun of the guy in order to defuse everyone’s horror and embarrassment and try to score humour points with the crowd, at which most of the younger reporters would have probably fainted dead away in cynical disgust because the poor guy is standing there at the mike and looking earnestly up at McCain, awaiting an answer.

Which McCain, incredibly, sees—the man’s humanity, the seriousness of these issues to him—and says yes, he will, he’ll promise to look into it, and yes he’ll put his promise in writing, although he “believes they have a difference of opinion about this mind machine,” and in sum he defuses the insane man and treats him respectfully without patronising him or pretending to be schizophrenic too, and does it all so quickly and gracefully and with such basic human decency that if it was some sort of act then McCain is the very devil himself.

The episode belongs to a primordial past, before McCain cozied up to the Republican Party over the war in Iraq, and before this year’s campaign pressures and before his choice of Sarah Palin as a his running mate– a decision that pleased the Christian base, while alienating everyone else. Crucially, the Michigan town hall ‘moment’ happened before McCain handed the running of his political life over to Steve Schmidt, a leading graduate of the Karl Rove school of cynical bad faith.

Transfer the focus to our election campaign in New Zealand and the Maori Party is starting to look a bit like John McCain – ie, like decent folk at risk of losing their bearings, the closer they get to ultimate power. If McCain loses, he will have the rest of his life to get back in touch with the human being who has gone MIA during the past eight years. He might even resume his lifelong efforts to liberalise immigration, which he shelved to pursue a campaign pitch for tougher border security. The Maori Party may not get the same chance, if they screw up this current election opportunity.

For weeks, the opinion polls have pointed to the possibility that the Maori Party could end up in the kingmaker – or queen maker – role, once the election night votes are counted. When and if the gap between the major parties tightens up, National’s only trusty allies for a coalition of the willing would be Act and United Future – and that may not be enough to govern in a Parliament likely to have an overhang, of around 124 seats in all. Enter the Maori Party, seeking policy gifts.

Much more so the Greens, the Maori Party has been able to credibly promote the notion they could support either Labour or National. To date, keeping distance from Labour has seemed like a reasonable tactical ploy, to enhance the Maori Party’s own pitch for the list vote. To that end, the Maori Party have pursued a “plague on both their houses ‘ strategy, drawing upon the genuine historical grounds for grievance among Maori, towards both of the major parties.

So far, they have not been able to take their own supporters with them on that journey. According to this morning’s Marae Digipoll results in two electorates, Maori would still overwhelmingly prefer a ruling relationship with Labour. Barely a quarter ( at best ) of those polled favoured going into an arrangement with National.

These poll results are not due to mere historical sentiment. The problem for the Maori Party is that there is no credible way it can do better for its supporters under National – especially during a period when Maori families and workers will be staring down the barrel of a major economic recession that they are likely to feel first, and hardest.

For any minor party, the grim reality is that post-election negotiations are really the political equivalent of a one night stand. They can be exciting at the time, but the fun part quickly fades, leaving the minor parties with the need ( over the next three years ) to justify the consequences of their dalliance.

Is it really possible for the Maori Party to win the sort of substantial and cumulative gains from National that could justify propping them up in government – and if so, what could such gains possibly look like ? Particularly in the areas of employment, income, health, education and housing that are critical to Maori living standards.

Of course, the Maori Party may not have to face this dilemma in its coldest and clearest form. The election outcome may not place the Maori Party in the sole, decisive role. It may be only one of several options on the table for Labour or National, and the Maori Party may even have to clamour, and bid for attention.

Similarly, the ensuing coalition arrangements can take many different forms. In descending order of closeness, they can entail a formal coalition ( as Labour currently has with the Progressives) an agreement to support on confidence and supply ( as with New Zealand First) or an agreement to abstain on confidence and supply, as the Greens currently do. One of the self correcting beauties of MMP is that the proximity to the major party can heighten the pay-off in policy, but the toll on the minor party’s separate identity is then correspondingly greater. Under MMP, supping with the devil is never a free lunch.

So lets look at what the Maori Party could possibly gain from lending its support to the National Party. The first two goals are highly symbolic ones. In reality, they may offer little of substance.

1. Entrenchment of the Maori seats.

Supposedly, the National Party aims to hold a general referendum on the future of the Maori seats, once the treaty settlement process concludes in ( cross your fingers and hope) about 2014. Lets leave aside, just for the moment, the dubious morality of allowing the majority to make a decisive call on whether the rights of a significant minority in New Zealand should be extinguished.

If the Maori seats were to be protected by constitutionally entrenching them, this would mean that a 75% level of support in Parliament would then be needed to scrap them. Fine. Yet even so, entrenchment would be only a shallow victory, for two obvious reasons.

One, the battle seems unnecessary. John Key has already obliquely signalled that he would consider amending National’s stance on scrapping the Maori seats, if need be. More to the point, National poses the only substantive threat to them, anyway. Therefore, lifting this phantom threat would produce no substantive gain, and be of no practical advantage for Maori workers or their families. It would be the epitome of the one night stand victory – producing headlines and bragging rights for a day or so, but with no tangible ‘follow through’ benefits.

2. Scrapping the Foreshore and Seabed Act.

If National needs Maori Party support to govern, would they agree to scrap this much reviled legislation? That would depend on how much of a gambler Key feels like being – and on whether he feels his government could devise a piece of legislation able to satisfy Maori aspirations, while ensuring non-Maori felt their rights were being equally protected. Good luck on that.

Push – in the shape of outright repeal – may never need to come to shove. Of late, the Maori Party has been sounding conciliatory, and indicating it could be satisfied with an amendment. Here for instance, is Maori Party Co-Leader Tariana Turia talking recently to Claire Trevett in the NZ Herald

Turia: [National] did say they would have some difficulties with full repeal. What we are prepared to do is talk with anybody about how the legislation may well look. But what we are not prepared to accept is that every other New Zealander would have a right to the courts, a right to justice on property rights. The National Party actually gives me the gripe, because they rabbit on about people’s property rights but they only see it as for white people. And I do resent that. Property rights are something all of us have.

Trevett: At the last hui you were talking about amendments to it, rather than full repeal.

Turia: I would prefer to repeal and then sit down and look at what it is we really want out of this. There are not large areas of the seabed and foreshore still in Maori hands. When the government put this in place, it might have been only 10 per cent. Why would you go to this extent?….

For the Maori Party, the risk is that any initial euphoria could quickly fade into a war of attrition over the detail – in a context where they would then have few cards left that could affect the result, short of bringing down the government. Re-opening the Foreshore and Seabed debate therefore, would be fraught with the risk for the Maori Party of under-delivering, while for everyone else, it would mean general instability. It is unlikely a National Party government would entertain even the perception of being held to ransom on such an issue.

That leaves the real battlegrounds – of health, education, welfare and income. Already, Maori Party Co-Leader Pita Sharples has stressed that health, education and welfare will be his party’s main priorities in any post-election talks, and the Maori Party is already touting specific policies in those areas during the election campaign. They include the removal of GST from food, the abolition of all income tax on incomes below $25,000, and a universal child benefit that would ( presumably) be able to be capitalized for housing loan purposes.

The Agenda TV programme has already costed this package at about $5 billion. In reality, a National government could move only a small way towards meeting those goals. Taking GST off food is not a practical option. Probably, the child benefit policy offers the most likely room for movement, subject to cost.

On health, education and welfare the Maori Party appear to be envisaging a major constitutional re-arrangement based on the Treaty, which will deliver more resources, and more autonomy on how those gains are to be delivered. The details of just how this freshly invigorated Treaty partnership would work have yet to be spelled out. Clearly. the intention is to go beyond simply holding the Maori Affairs portfolio- which Turia, during her Herald interview earlier this month, largely discounted as being only a policy ministry.

For their part, National are putting precious little on the table as to how a deal with the Maori Party could be made more palatable to Maoridom. Where the two parties do currently cross over is on the issue of welfare. Turia has recently restated her interest in scrapping the dole. This is part of the ongoing Turia/Sharples critique of welfarism, first clearly stated by Sharples over 18 months ago.

While the corrosive effects of chronic welfare dependence are easy to denounce, any merely punitive approach ( ie, removing the safety net ) would be socially irresponsible. All the evidence from the 1990s – the last time that National tried to tackle welfare dependency – shows that make-work schemes that replace the dole do not work.

Besides being expensive to run, such schemes have been shown to actually make it less – and not more – likely that the people subjected to them will go on to find real jobs.

To date, Turia has been vague about what she thinks should replace the dole, and how much it might cost. Her preference seems to be for real jobs along the lines of the old PEP schemes, but situated this time in infrastructural projects, such as roading. Bad timing. The domestic economic recession and the current global financial instability are likely to postpone the kind of infrastructural investment she is talking about, and on which the Maori Party’s anti-welfare edifice currently depends. It would take an imminent total collapse – and the reversion to 1930s style work camps – to bring forward a sufficient number of infrastructural projects.

In sum, the gains for Maoridom from a governing relationship with National look to be illusory. Nothing tangible is in the offing to compensate for the likely downsides of keeping a National government in office. To name only a few, these would include : a more punitive approach on law and order, on benefit entitlements and in the sphere of industrial relations. It would signal an end to the hikes in the minimum wage on which Maori workers disproportionately depend, and little or no gains for most Maori families from the regressive tax cut programme that the National Party has already announced. Income inequality, with all of the negative social effects that this brings in its wake, would be likely to return to the 1990s rates of increase. The Maori Party would be justifiably crucified by its supporters, it it was abetting such trends.

As a side effect, such outcomes could also compromise some individuals within the Maori Party, in the same way that a similar deal with National would threaten party unity among the Greens. The likes of Hone Harawira and Sue Bradford have spent their lives establishing their credibility and their commitment to working people – and a deal with National could wipe out such reputations, virtually overnight.

Like the Greens, the Maori Party may just have been bluffing about National all along, in order to broaden their voting catchment during the election campaign. The Greens have now made their preference pretty clear. Perhaps the Maori Party should come clean, and state their own preference – while leaving plan B as the less desirable option that could be revisited with caution and with full consultation, if need be. Because right now, any tactical advantage from playing hard to get ( vis a vis Labour ) is only compromising the Maori Party’s reputation for principle. Its supporters are smarter than that, and deserve better.

After all….it is always risky to give your core supporters nightmares and stomach lurches, merely in the hope of luring a few stray fish in your direction. There are sharks out there as well, and does the Maori Party really want to be inviting them to come swimming into its net?


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    1. 12 Responses to “Is Maori Party Flirting With 2011 Electoral Doom?”

    2. By jane on Oct 20, 2008 | Reply

      I wonder if because the Maori party have come out and said that they would support National, that they have in effect shot themselves in the foot, given the fact that most of their possible supporters would have been previous labour party voters.

    3. By ML on Oct 20, 2008 | Reply

      Excelllent article. Tend to agree with most of the analysis, although I get the feeling some of that analysis is driven as much by partisan concern about the prospects of a National-Maori arrangement as by objective and strategic political consideration.

      National is treading a very fine line with its public position re the Maori seats at the moment – balancing the need to leave the prospect of abolishment as a ‘real’ threat (and therefore ensuring something for them to potentially ‘trade’ away post election) with a desire not to excessively antagonise during the campaign. Not sure its been particularly effective so far.

    4. By Relic on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      It will be interesting to look Hone Harawira in the eye at the Kaitaia fleamarket post election if they go with the nats! I worked with Hone at an Auckland car plant in the early 80s and he was a very effective union delegate who decided to prioritise service to his people. He surely must know where this matter will end up.

      The Maori party at first glance is an ethnic grouping but in fact has the same internal contest as to which class they are representing as all the others beside National and Act. There are the majority of working class Maori and the minority of “neo tribalists” and somewhat derogatorily termed category of “brown tablers” that want to impose the capitalist model on maoridom.

      So some of this is tactics and some is the expression of the Maori party internal debate.

    5. By Lawrence on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      Isn’t it funny how the “haters and wreckers” and “last cab off the rank” are now so popular with Labour supporters. I’m guessing that nationalisation of the beaches a few years back is so distant it can be quietly forgotten. Wake up, the Maori Party has no interest in supporting Labour. Tariana will donate a grandchild for medical testing before she gives Helen Clark another three years as Prime Minister. The sooner you come to terms with that the better it will be for you.

    6. By Rumpole on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      Lawrence I agree but how would Tariana having consulted her people post election and support National if 75% do indeed support Labour. Whilst it is possible due to an ability to re visist the contentious areas in person rather than trying to re interpret what you said previously and persuade people but it looks like a tough call.

    7. By Kevin Welsh on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      Then they do so at their peril Lawrence. The hatred Turia has for Clark is pretty much common knowledge, but unless Turia finds a way to put her own dislikes to one side and be pragmatic about this then she is condemning her party to oblivian. Any one remember the Dirty Dogs, $90 boxers and long coats of the 90’s?
      In my personal opinion the overwhelming majority of Maori still identify with Labour, at least that is what my friends on the Maori roll tell me. The Maori Party gives them a stronger voice in Parliament, but when you look at the history of the main protagonists, it is one of dissent and protest, not people the average Maori readily identifies with.

    8. By simon on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      Lawrence, I suggest you think a little more about this. Yes, Tariana can choose to support National, if she so wishes. Maybe she will.

      But all the Maori Party MPs will represent electorates. They will not be list MPs, brought in on their leaders’ coat-tails. There is no party-hopping law. Therefore there is no way that Turia can force individual MPs to follow her. Even if she manages to broker an initial deal with National, she cannot ensure that it lasts.

      Every time the Maori Party MPs vote for National policies, they will have to justify their choice. Eventually, they will do what so many have done before. It’s the law of political physics. Parties have split or been born or died in every Parliamentary term since MMP was introduced (and even before). When the pressure builds, they break.

      Maori Party MPs are not going to spend the next three years going home every weekend to face angry voters. So the only way they can avoid that fate is for National to deliver a great deal for Maori voters, and keep on delivering, and for National to pay the price – literally and politically.

      A National-Maori government will either be remarkably progressive, or short. I’m picking short.

    9. By optischism on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      The catalyst in the formation of the Maori Party may have been the disastrous Seabed and Foreshore debate, but we should remember the genesis of this party is much further back.

      As in all Maori endeavour, the concept of whakapapa – layering and lineage – will underlie any decision made. But if history was the only influencing factor, then you’d have to put your money against a Labour coalition given Turia’s position. The thing is, Maori love to korero long into the night, so it would be foolish to underestimate the role that consultation will play in an outcome.

      Good point Relic, re: an expression of the internal debate. Waiho i te toipoto, kaua I te toiroa.

      The invidious position the Maori Party may find themself in, given the overhang, is if National receives a plurality in the party vote, but fails to gain a majority. They’ll find themselves damned by the general electorate if they do and damned by the Maori electorate if they don’t. Kia mou ki to tikanga. You gotta love MMP…going to be an interesting election.

      Thanks Gordon, keep it coming.

    10. By Toms on Oct 21, 2008 | Reply

      Tariana Turia is being eased sideways out of the job of running the Maori party with Sharples taking over more and more.

      If her personal antipathy for helen Clark becomes a real problem, she will be dumped as leader and she will go off in a huff into the wilderness yet again.

    11. By Michael on Oct 22, 2008 | Reply

      Advancing Simon’s thoughts, if the Maori Party does go the way of the boxer shorts and the sunglasses it will be a shame for Maoridom and wider NZ.

      The Maori party has a chance at this election to consolidate and mature its position as a genuine political force. Should they fail to use this opportunity wisely they will be washed off the political beach like so many minor parties before them. The leadership of the Maori party needs to look carefully a the experience of the Greens. The lesson the Greens have learned on their journey to have to political maturity are invaluable to the Maori Party at this juncture.

      It is healthy for NZ to have genuine representation of the a diverse range of Political and Cultural views this is the beauty of MMP. From Hyde to Bradford our parliament should represent all of NZ. We need to move beyond the debate as to the value of MMP and the removal of Maori seats and focus on the realities of MMP.

      Clark has proven adept at brokering the unlikeliest of deals. From all accounts Peters has proved to have been a competent if not successful foreign minister. The question we need to ask is, will the merchant banking mindset prove useful in brokering a deal post election or will the focus on short term gain come at the cost of stable government. It is not about the Queen or the King Maker but rather the ability of the potential Monarch to weave the tītoko ika.

    12. By James on Oct 24, 2008 | Reply

      Yes I don’t know if Turia is being “eased sideways out of the job”, I do think she may be a representative of the more elite minority within the Maori Party.

      Thing is I don’t really know enough about Turia. All I know is from the media, which paints a pretty poor view of her as fractious, contentious and combative. Dr Sharples by contrast always seems to have a sensible head on his shoulders.

      It might help that I know of Dr Sharples through my mother, as a man of great mana who works hard for his community and has earned respect from a great many before he went into politics.

      Someone please educate me on what qualifies Turia for the position of co-leader. Frankly, I just don’t know.

    13. By Tawa on Nov 6, 2008 | Reply

      And now I hear that Angeline Greensill, the Maori Party’s candidate for Hauraki-Waikato has said that $500 should be given to all children in poor families and to pensioners.

      Not a bad idea actually.

      The Greens sound jealous not to have thought of this themselves. Oh well, lets see if the Nats or Labour will consider the poor this election…

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